Subject (Ang) and Object (Ng) particles

ang & ng

Subject – the noun or pronoun that is the focus of the sentence

Object – the noun or pronoun which the subject is acting upon

In English, the subject is usually always the first noun or pronoun of a sentence.

E.g. The boy ate the apple.

——-(S)         (V)         (O)

As you can see, the boy is the subject while the apple is the object. In Tagalog, there is a different method to determine which word in the sentence is the subject or the object known as particles. For now, we’ll look at only two particles: ang and ng. These are the most common and important particles in a Tagalog sentence. There are many other particles but that will be discussed in later articles. Note that these particles are not the same as definite articles (the) or indefinite articles (a, an) like in English.

There are pronouns that are subject pronouns and object pronouns. Check back here to revise which pronouns are used as subjects and which are used as objects.

Ang (Subject)

This particle denotes the subject of the sentence. For pronouns, the subject pronouns are used.

E.g. Kumain ang bata ng mansanas (The child ate the apple.)

Iinom ako ng gatas (I will drink milk.)

Gusto ng babae ang pula (The woman likes the red (one).)

Nakita mo ang aso (You saw a dog.)

 

Ng (Object)

This particle denotes the object of the sentence. For pronouns, the object pronouns are used.

E.g. Kumain ang bata ng mansanas (The child ate the apple.)

Iinom ako ng gatas (I will drink milk.)

Gusto ng babae ang pula (The woman likes the red (one).)

Nakita mo ang aso (You saw a dog.)

“Ng” as a possessive

Ng is flexible as another word to mean “of something”.

E.g. Ang pinto ng bahay. (The door of the house.)

Nagpakain ang bata ng isda ng eskwelahan. (The child fed the school fish.)

Naglinis ako ng atop ng kotse (I cleaned the roof of the car.)

anak ng magulang (child of the parent)

 

Most of the time, the particle ng can be contracted to the previous noun if it ends in a vowel.

E.g. pintong bahay. (door of the house, house door)

isdang eskwelahan (school fish)

 

As you can see, ang and ng can make the subject or the object in different positions in a sentence.

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